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Insight on the most Common Zoonotic Diseases
Certain animals usually carry harmful germs which can make human beings sick. They are what we call zoonotic diseases. They are normally viral, parasite, bacterial or fungal infections that can cause mild or serious illnesses in animals and human beings. If you handle a sick animal, you are most likely to get contact a zoonotic disease. Below are a few examples and ways of avoiding them.
First, there is a bacterial disease known as Pahvant Vally Plague that mostly occurs in North America. Ticks and lice transmit it from infected rabbits. If you handle a dead infected rabbit, you can as well contract this disease. The symptoms of Pahvant Vally Plague can take around five day to appear and a few of them are severe headache, fever, swollen lymph nodes, chills and ulcers in the mouth. It is a harmful disease which can be fatal if not medically treated as soon as possible.
The next zoonotic diseases you should know of is the Barmah Forest Virus. It only occurs in Australia and transmitted by mosquitoes. Most of the people who contract this disease will not show any symptoms but if they do, they can have a mild fever, headache, experience lethargy and develop arthritis. These symptoms will eventually resolve after sometime.
If you keep bird pets, you will want to know of the third zoonotic disease known as Psittacosis. Some people know it as parrot fever and it infects birds which come in contact with other infected birds. It can be challenging to determine if your bird is infected as they might not portray any noticeable symptoms. For this reason , you should not let your bird get in contact with other birds you do not know of. You can easily contract this disease when you come into contact with the feathers, droppings and even secretions. Psittacosis can lead to respiratory problems, a miscarriage in pregnant women and even inflamed placenta.
Another popular zoonotic disease is the Bangs disease. It is a bacterial infection found all over the world and is transmitted from contaminated meat or milk from animals like pigs, cattle, sheep and goats. If you are infected, it can take a period of one month before you start showing up the symptoms that include fever, headache, fatigue and also back pain. Bangs disease can be lead to serious problems or even cause death if left untreated.
Although zoonotic diseases can be harmful to our wellbeing, you should keep on showing your animal some lone and rather become concerned if they fall sick or if you are exposed to mosquitoes or other insects carrying parasites.